Brave New World, by Aldous Huxley, while showing the future possible advances of science and technology, is actually warning people of what science could become. In the Foreword of Brave New World, Huxley states, “The theme of Brave New World is not the advancement of science as such, it is the advancement of science as it affects human individuals” (11). He is not suggesting that this is how science should advance, but that science will advance the way that people allow it to. The novel is not supposed to depict a “utopian” society by any means, but it is supposed to disturb the reader and warn him not to fall into this social decay.
Huxley uses irony to exploit both communism and American capitalism created by Ford. Huxley’s first example of irony is that he shows elements of communism in the World State. Dictatorship is an element of communism and is shown in Brave New World by means of the World Controller, Mustapha Mond. In the World State, people “belong” to everyone else. Mustapha Mond, when lecturing students, says, “…every one belongs to every one else’” (40). This thought in the novel is similar to that of communism where everyone shares everything. In Brave New World, however, Huxley takes this thought to another level.
Sex, in the World State, is encouraged to occur with everybody. Even kids are encouraged to participate. People are scolded for having only one partner. Fanny, Lenina’s friends said, “I really do think you ought to be careful. It’s such horribly bad form to go on and on like this with one man…” (41). Lenina could possibly be punished for “having” only one man. This is how Huxley uses satire to exploit communism. Huxley also uses irony to show that consumption is becoming a religion in America. Henry Ford is a god in this novel because he invented the assembly line. The assembly line creates a means for mass production of items.
In the novel, mass production is how people are born. Because of this, Ford is an ideal god for the World State. He symbolizes a religion that lets a ruler rob people of their individuality for progress and stability. People in the novel use the name of Ford like people today use God’s name. Bernard, when talking to Lenina, said, “…for Ford’s sake, be quiet! ’” (90). This means that they see Henry Ford as their God. Huxley also uses the “T,” as in the model-T, instead of the cross as a symbol of what the people worship. This is a perfect example of how Huxley uses irony in Brave New World to show how people have made technology their god.
Aldous Huxley uses many examples of irony in Brave New World. The entire theme of the novel is one predominant example of this. Huxley warns people that society could become like the World State if the people allow it. He also uses satire to exploit communism. He gives the example that everyone belongs to everyone else, like the communists believe that everything they have goes to the government. Huxley also uses Ford as a god to show society what it has become. By creating a brave new world without morality, individuality, and religion, Huxley ironically shows their importance in society.