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Global warming is the increase in average world temperature, also known as the greenhouse effect. Certain gases in the atmosphere act like glass in a greenhouse, allowing sunlight through to heat the earth’s surface but trapping the heat as it radiates back into space. This has been a major concern worldwide with multiple organization aggressively campaign on the dangers of global warming. Here there are the causes, effects, and ways to minimize global warming.Among the causes of global warming is deforestation by a human being. Deforestation is caused by using the forest as a fuel, in order satiate ourselves, for wood and other byproducts, mainly a place to live and to build farms we are cutting down forests which is not a good indicator and has also led to declining in rainfalls. Forests are very beneficial as they cleanse the air, they act as natural filters eliminate and store carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. While on the other hand, deforestation discharges large amounts of carbon, as well as diminishing the amount of carbon gas imprisonment on the earth. Furthermore, the increase in CO2 concentration. The CO2 concentration in the atmosphere raised by about thirty percent, caused by the number of human beings have increased as escalation is proportional to inflation in fossil fuel ignition, for electricity production, transportation, and heating, and also the manufacture of cement factory emissions. It is anticipated that we’ll soon reach carbon dioxide concentrations that haven’t been detected on Earth in the last 50 million years. This leads to shifts in the Earth’s standard surface temperature, which is really proving catastrophic to human lives. (Mahala, 2015).Destruction of the earth can be seen in extreme weather event is one of the most immediate and obvious effects of global warming. The authors found that during the hottest summers was recorded, in the US they faced the colder winter compared in the year before. Climate change can cause hurricanes formation, although it could happen frequently in the same area even it rarely happens. For example, typhoon Haiyan occurs in the Philippines during 2013. Lightning is another factor if global temperature continuously rises then the number of lightning activity will increase too. Lastly, some of the scientist’s project, extreme weather feature like heat waves, droughts will continually occur and effect to greater intensity. Next, the extinction of plant and animal is another effect. According to National Academy of Sciences, rise of temperature lead too many species of plants and animals have moved to northward or to higher altitudes. The author’s point out that transient winged creatures and insects have moved earlier to their summer feeding and nesting ground. Otherwise, the extreme temperature can enhance the growth of disease-causing pathogen which details to the tropical and subtropical area, killing off plant and animal species which leave protected. If more effect left unchecked, it can lead to increases extinction of ½ earth’ plant and 1/3 of the animal from current population (Bradford & Pappas, 2017).The prevention of a global warming effect is conserved energy. According to environmental protection agency (2017), less than 50% of greenhouse gas release in the U.S is the effect of electricity production and another industrial process that rely on the burning of the fossil. Conserve energy such as, save the electricity by turn off the light when you don’t want to use it can help to prevent the greenhouse effect caused by these emissions. Other than that, purchasing a programmable thermostat and wear a sweater instead of turning up the heat. Moreover, changing incandescent light bulbs with compact fluorescent lamp or CFLs and purchase appliances with the EPA’s energy star label can reduce conserve energy. Besides that, the excellent way to help prevent global warming is a walk or ride a bike. The transportation sector account has nearly 30% of greenhouse gas emissions caused by release smoke car, instead of driving the own car, trying to carpool with coworkers to prevent it. Utilizing open transportation strolling or riding a bicycle can keep the nursery impact. Purchasing local product can decrease the shipping time of the product to reach the consumer and helping in reducing the greenhouse emissions caused by freight transportation. Buying eco-friendly car such as hybrid cars because this car releases fewer greenhouse gases and consume less gasoline.The solution of global warming is mitigation whereas the process involves reducing the flow of heat-trapping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. For example, the burning of fossil fuels for electricity, heat or transport and store these gases such as the oceans, forests, and soil.                Furthermore, to avoid significant human interference with the climate system is the objective of mitigation. According to United Nations Intergovernmental, in order to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, it has to stabilize the greenhouse gas levels in a timeframe sufficient. Next, the effective way of the solution is an adaptation which is the process involved adjusting to real or expected future climate. To reduce our susceptibility to the harmful effects of climate change such as sea-level encroachment, more intense extreme weather events or food insecurity is the target of adaptation. It also involves in making the most of any possible beneficial opportunities associated with climate change such as longer growing seasons or increased yields in some regions. In addition, the way to adapt is by working to build flood defenses, plan heatwaves and higher temperatures, install water-permeable pavements to better deal with floods and storm water and enhance water storage and use.In conclusion, there are causes, effects, and ways to minimize the global warming. We as a human need to be responsible for making changes to the world to ensure the earth life is longer especially for the future upcoming generation.

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