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It is true that in today’s society, all men and women have equal rights and the same amount of power, but society views men as having more control over women. In today’s social media many advertisements how men are assertive and in control. Over the last hundreds of years, men have been depicted as the ones who make all the decisions in a relationship, while women are depicted as following and obeying their husbands. Not only are men in control in today’s society, but they were also the dominant figure in the Elizabethan period. During this time, women act as followers towards their male partners. It is also common during that time for women to be treated inadequately. As seen in the play Othello, William Shakespeare portrays the women as tools only to follow and stay loyal towards their husbands. The three women who are treated with disrespect and act only to serve and obey in Othello are Desdemona, Emilia, and Bianca. Othello represents what it is like during the Elizabethan era and prove that women are depicted as property who are treated poorly. In the play Othello, Desdemona is a prime example of how women were treated during the Elizabethan era. In the beginning of the play, Desdemona is seen as her dad’s own property when Iago says, “Look to your house, your daughter, and your bags! Thieves, thieves! (1.1.86-88). When Iago says “thieves” he is referring to thieves trying to take away Desdemona as if Brabantio owns her. It is as if men during this time do not treat women as equals and only consider them as their own tool. Women did not have a choice to choose who they want to marry. Desdemona has to marry Othello in secret because her father technically owns her and does not want anyone to steal her away from him. She has no control onto who she marries because she is property and had no say into who she can marry. Othello also treats Desdemona poorly when he accuses her of being a whore and eventually slaps her. Near the end of the play, Desdemona still loves Othello even after he calls her a whore, and she still tries to love Othello even if he wants to kill her. She even told them to say that Othello did not kill her because she loved him and is loyal to her husband. Shakespeare uses Desdemona to show that women are property to men.Not only is Desdemona acknowledged as property and treated poorly, but Emilia is also treated the same way.  Iago only uses Emilia to have a connection towards Desdemona, which gives him the opportunity to manipulate Othello into thinking that Desdemona is in love with Cassio. Even when Emilia finds out that Iago lied and fooled everyone she still believes that she should stay loyal to him by saying “Tis proper I obey him – but not now’ (5.2.191).  Despite all his evil doings, Emilia still attempts to follow what society during that time is believed to behave like. They are to stay loyal to whoever they are in a relationship with. Iago ends up calling Emilia a whore and kills her as if she meant nothing to him. Bianca displays this as well in Othello when Iago calls her a whore. Due to Cassio’s affair with Bianca Iago says “The fruits of whoring” (5.1.116). Bianca is constantly reminded that she is a prostitute and is only there to love and serve Cassio. When Iago ask Cassio about marrying Bianca, Cassio acknowledges it as a joke and does not truly have feelings for Bianca. Both Emilia and Bianca are both examples of how they do not have any control and are easily manipulated by Iago and Cassio. In Othello, all men have high rankings and women are not really seen having any power or any choice of making any decisions. Most of the time the males worry about their rankings in the play and the women do not have any rankings. The men treat the women only as an object to fulfill their needs. In each act, there is always a fight between men, which ultimately shows that the nature of men is very violent while women are manipulated to cause these fights. In Othello, there is no female leader that has the authority to have a say in what goes on. There is never a moment in Othello where women act as leaders. Iago uses Bianca for the sole purpose of making Othello and Cassio look bad. Iago calls Bianca a “whore” because he wants to use her to attack Cassio. Iago also uses Emilia to gain access to Desdemona because of their close relationship. Emilia listens to Iago because she acts loyal to her husband because that is what women were supposed to do during the time. This leads to Iago using Emilia to steal the handkerchief to take control of Desdemona’s relationship with Othello, which ultimately leads Iago to use both Desdemona and Emilia to do what he says. At the end of the book, two of the three women were killed without doing anything. Men easily have dominance over women because they die at the hands of their own husbands. These acts display how easily women were controlled and treated badly back in that time period. Although in today’s society, men and women are equals, back in the Elizabethan era, Men clearly have more power than women during this time. The three only women that are in the book Othello are all used and controlled by their husbands only to serve them. The men in Othello all consider Desdemona, Bianca, and Emilia as whores, which shows that women were not treated with equal respect. Othello treats Desdemona badly by slapping her and accusing her of a being a whore. Iago manipulates Emilia into giving him the handkerchief and places it into Cassio’s room. Cassio does not acknowledge his relationship with Bianca as a real relationship and does not think that he will marry her. Shakespeare uses these characters to show that women in that time period that women are not recognized as equals.

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