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            Learning a foreign language can be a gruelling experience. The
fear and pressure on learners to well perform in the foreign language one of
the anxiety reasons that is set to the foreign language classes. Through the
literature review, this topic will be reviewed at in major detail by survey the
research and the causal agents and solutions of anxiety in second language

          Many people, who are better learners in other subject countries,
can experience anxiety when learning a second language.  This induces a mental
block to new information.  Researchers have been
taking a look at this specific second language learning anxiety and why it came
about. The below are summarizing of these reasons:

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1.       Communication anxiety.

The immense bulk of the students’ anxiety occurs from their
self-idea of efficiency due to they compare native speaker’s skills with their
skills. Which driving to embarrassment that they are not similar pronounces as
the native speaker. Furthermore, spoken skill is normally in the top order that
learners compare it with that of rivals, their teachers, and native speaker of
the target language. Accordingly, students’ low level of self-perception of
speaking mastery is a source or disease of anxiety in foreign language


2.       Fear of negative evaluation.

fears are coming on from the classroom
environment of the foreign language, the estimate from the only native speaker
in the classroom, the teacher, is crucial to foreign language scholarship.
Likewise, the estimate or criticisms from mates is also a unit of the major
reasons behind the anxiety.

3.       Test anxiety.

There are a vast number of learners who experience exam anxiety,
when many grammar rules that should be recalled so a many learners mentioned
that they knew these grammar rules but forgot it inside the test. Additionally,
if the student not too familiar with the specific question format so they might
face test anxiety inside that test and coming tests. In language testing, the
grade point average of the student estimate and the more odd and ambiguous the
test tasks and formats, the more the learner anxiety is coming about.

4.       Anxiety in the English classroom (which includes teacher and
teaching styles)

The teachers can serve as an anxiety source, some teachers
imagine that intimidating their learners will stimulate them to read the second
language. Teachers who think their function is to review students permanently
when they do any fault, who feel that they cannot have learners cooperative in
pair that may make the class out of the control, who think that the instructor
must be doing most of the teaching and talking, and who believe their role is
closer to a drill sergeant than helpmate may be helping to learner language

In the end, the teachers can attend as an
anxiety source. Therefore, some teachers consider that intimidating their
learners will motivate them to learn the alien language.

With most of the reasons of anxiety in
alien language students covered, those reasons need settling to help reduce the
students’ anxiety. Young (1991) suggests, “Recognizing learner manifestations
of anxieties related to speaking, negative evaluation, and foreign language
learning- generated anxieties are important first steps in coping with language
anxiety” (p. 429).  

Another way for lower anxiety is the use
anxiety chart or graph, which is helping learners to limit on the movement of
their anxiety.  Young (1991), “Students
chart their level of anxiety to show that not every phase of an oral
interaction produces an equal measure of anxiety” (p.  430).

In the end, at that place is more solution that help students’
to avoid anxiety is that teachers re-evaluate their instruction beliefs. Young
(1991) refers that teachers videotape themselves to assist them to take an
outside look at their teaching method and the response of the class as well as
individual learners. A more valuable tool for instructors is to become involved
in conferences, workshops, and panels to keep up-to-date with new teaching
philosophies, practices, and research.


Research within the field of second language learning anxiety is
becoming more widespread and precise.  With this research the
underlying causes of anxiety will be more apparent and with that comes more
solutions that can be taken out in the second or foreign language classroom.

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