Literature And ScienceIntroductionLiterature is concerned with the unique experience of a particular individual whereas science deals with a common experience. The most extraordinary fact about the need for a discussion of the relationship of Science and Literature, is that it needs discussing. In other words, the literature and science are two different direction of a way. In this assignment, we can discuss what is then the differentiating factor for Science and Literature? In the modern year, we has witnessed rapid advancements in science and technology it not displaced the traditional knowledge systems represented by the fields of literature, art, philosophy, and religion. Literature Literature, a body of written works. The name which is traditionally used to those imaginative works like poems and prose distinguished by the intentions of the authors. Literature may be classified by variety of systems like language, national origin, historical period, genre, and subject. The word literature is obtained from Latin word Littera, meaning letters. Literature is defined as books or other written works which have a creative, artistic and imaginative mind.The two main categories separating the different genres of literature are 😕 Nonfiction ? FictionGenres of Nonfiction:Essays are a short literary composition that reflects the author’s outlook. An essay is based on a particular theme or subject, on author’s point of view.A Biography is a written account of another person’s life.An Autobiography gives the history of a person’s life, written by that person.Genres of Fiction:Drama is the genre of stories composed for theatrical performance. In which conflicts and emotion are expressed through dialogue and action.Poetry is a genre of literature for exciting pleasure by beautiful, imaginative, or elevated thoughts.Science Fiction is a story based on science, that is related to future or on other planets.ScienceScience is systematic knowledge, as of facts or principles; knowledge gained by systematic study through observation and experimentation. Science is a process which include observation, investigation, and explanation of any natural phenomena. The word Science is taken from a Latin word scientia meaning knowledge. Science can also be understood as a highly skilled technique or practice.• Science is exciting. Science is a way of discovering what’s we see around us and how those things work today, how they worked in the past, and how they are likely to work in the future. Scientists are motivated by the thrill of seeing out something that no one has done before.• Science is useful. The knowledge generated by science is powerful and useful. It can be used to develop new technologies and deal with many other activities.• Science is ongoing. Science is continually refining and expanding the knowledge everyday and as it does, it leads to new questions for future also. Science will never be finished.Relationship between literature and scienceScience can be an inspiration for literature. Normally we think of science as one kind of human investigation and literature as another, in science fiction we can bring these together either by literary imagination or by scientific mind. Science examines the nature of the real world and seeks by means of technology and it works with evidence. Literature seeks for truth, which does not necessarily lie in the real world around us but rather in our minds and in our imaginations.A major relation between these two are science fictions, typically dealing with imaginative concepts of science, technology, space travel, time travel, parallel universes, and extra terrestrial life. Science fiction often explores the potential consequences of scientific and other innovations, and has been called a literature of ideas.In mid twentyth century popular theorists like Max Eastman, Aldous Huxley, Roland Barther… had searched for the relationship between science and literature and concluded that there is no true relation between science and literature which can be defined once and forever, due to several reasons. Literature will gives experiences to those who understands it, and gives pleasure to those who love it, gives knowledge to those who seek it. But science on other hand imparts knowledge, leads to experience and give pleasure to few who love it. Literature is often backed up by imagination while in science, it is research, observation, and hypothesis. Both are performing experiments. In case of scientists it is done by logically and scientifically while a writer is done by his imagination, knowledge and a little bit of research.ConclusionIn our society, there is a rumour that only through science we can gain knowledge. But human can get it through many ways such as literature, arts, and so on.