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and science are often thought to be at odds or even direct opposites. To prove
this, one would only have to examine the story of creation in Abrahamic faiths
to prove that this is the case. On one hand, God is the creator, while on the
other, the world is a product of evolution. As a person enquires about the
relationship between religion and science, problems begin to arise because
humans are not approaching this disparity correctly. Instead of a conflict,
religion and science are constantly in conversation, inextricably bound
throughout history. Delving deeper, it becomes apparent that the two are quite
similar, both dependent on the human need to master nature and the relentless
quest for comfort in knowledge. As long as humans are willing to sacrifice some
aspects of fundamental religious truths and complete gaps in their logical
understanding using spirituality, religion and science are undoubtedly able to
coexist. Instead of loss of piety, modernity is associated with the shift of faith
from one conviction to another.

to the chapter, “Science and Its Pretenders,” scientific study is contingent on
the use of the scientific method, which is independent from any comprehensive
view of life.1 For
scientific exploration to occur, one essential idea must be accepted; the world
has a defined structure and this structure is publicly available for discovery.
According to this presumption, if something is not concrete or lacks a
discernible pattern, it cannot be assessed scientifically, thus relying on the
predictability of the universe. For this reason, there is a fundamental flaw in
this process; the activity of every atom in this universe does not exist in
isolation, rather the interactions of many processes produce life. Just as
nature cannot be explained without nurture, form without function, science simply
cannot be explained without phenomena. Hence, there will almost always be room
for religion to satisfy the human desire for truth.

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            Humans invent machinery to evaluate what is
assumed to be true and inadvertently ignore events that cannot be explained. Consequently,
humans almost unquestionably are ignoring important attributes of the universe.
Chemist Niels Bohr said, “Everything
we call real is made of things that cannot be regarded as real.”2 Not only does observation
disturb the factors being assessed, but the very act of examining it, produces
results. This is illustrated by the “double slit experiment.”3 By compelling an electron
to assume a fixed, assumed position, humans produce the outcomes of the
measurement. If this is accurate, then the universe is an intellectual
construction. Therefore, the mind no longer appears to be an intruder in the
material world, on the contrary, it is the ruler and creator of the realm of
matter. Presently, scientists state that machines perform tasks that a
human brain cannot comprehend.
If one day man were to be able to genetically manipulate every aspect of
nature, it would be unlikely for humans to encounter anything in the world
around that is not man-made, itself in a different disguise. Returning to the
idea that humans are made in the image of God, if humans strive to engineer all
things in the image of man, theoretically, humans would then achieve a God-like

has reached a point in time where humans are no longer required to accept what
nature has given us. Michael Spector claims in “A Life of It’s Own” that this
is concerning since the natural processes governing the universe have existed
long before humans appeared, and will certainly exist far beyond our existence.4
These fundamental laws have proved successful, and although not perfect, are in
pursuit of maximum efficiency. Modern man has decided that his existence is a
priority and nature should be modified accordingly. Abrahamic faiths are
frequently characterized by two beliefs; the first that God has left nature under
the care of humans, and secondly, that humans are created in the divine image. Several
authors have written: for the first time ever, God has competition.5

Wilber: science is “value free” using the example that an electron doesn’t tell
us what should be

1 Schick, Theodore, and Lewis Vaugn.
“Science and Its Pretenders.” How to Think About Weird Things: Critical
Thinking for a New Age. 5th Ed. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield Pub., 1999. 164-91.


2 Zanou,
Daniel. Of Human Spirit, Mind and Soul. Page Publishing Inc, 2017.

3 “Double-Slit
Experiment.” Wikipedia, December 1, 2017.

4 Specter,
Michael. “A Life of Its Own.” Michael Specter, Author of
“Denialism”. New York Times, 28 Sept. 2009. Web. 6 Apr. 2017.

5 Hansell,
Gregory R. H+/-: Transhumanism and Its Critics. Xlibris Corporation,

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