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 Sherry Turkle is an MIT professor with a dual Ph.D. in Sociology and Personality Psychology. She has been working on the effects of the technology of the on the ways that humans communicate with each other offline. In 2012 she spoke at the TED2012 convention in Los Angeles and titled her speech Connected, But Alone? in which she speaks about the fact that the evolution of technology in the twenty-first century has created a boundary between offline conversations. In this essay, the term offline will be used to reference the ways humans communicate when not on technology. Turkle’s talk in 2012 touches on the connection of cell phones and technologies to the twenty-first-century world and further how the online personas everyone creates changes how human communication and connections are changed offline. Turkle’s purposes of giving this speech are to show the audience and the people watching the TED Talk how our society has begun to change ourselves online and it is now affecting the way we act offline. By speaking on how we can edit or delete parts of ourselves online and how the conversation is sacrificed to just have a mere connection. Turkle uses her research totaling over fifteen years to conclude that the growing technological presence in the twenty-first century and the online personas every individual creates is negatively affecting the way that humans communicate and act offline.
    Explaining her past research appeals to the rhetorical device of ethos in order to show the audience that her credibility is reasonable. Turkle appeared at TED1996 nearly 15 years prior to her 2012 speech where she addressed the similar topic. Many years later, she makes the connection and tells the audience that over the last 15 years she interviewed over hundreds of men, women, and children of all ages. These different demographics allowed Turkle to make a reasonable analysis of the effect of technology on our offline personas. All in all, Turkle discovered that “the devices we are so psychologically powerful that they do not only change what we do, they change who we are.” This change in personality is increasingly affecting the ways humans are because we are no longer talking in person as we did 15 or more years ago. Humans have begun to speak to each other over technology event when they are sitting less than five feet away from each other.
    The rhetorical divide of pathos is used throughout Turkle’s speech to appeal to the emotions of the audience and she does this by talking about her 20-year-old daughter, making the observations as close as her own home. She starts off within the first ten seconds of the speech by telling the audience her daughter sent her a text saying “Good luck,” further she tells that she and her daughter both fall asleep and sleep with their phones. Turkle sheds light on the fact that she has written books, has appeared on the TED stage before, as well as the interviewees with hundreds of people within different demographics. When Turkle speaks about her own daughter she uses a picture of her and two friends sitting next to each other on a couch on their phones. Turkle speaks on how this new-age phenomenon is spreading to all ways of life, “People text or do email during corporate board meetings. They text and shop and go on Facebook during classes, during presentations, actually during all meetings.” The advancement of this technology has now made it easier to communicate online to those people who are far away, but at the same time is causing the offline connections to dwindle into nothing. Recognizing this, what seems to be new, matter in everyday aspects of life shows that it is increasingly becoming apart of social norms and once it takes to control it will be very hard to leave this way of life.
    Logos is the rhetorical device that appeals to the logic and quantitative aspects of data in order to show the speaker’s point. Turkle touches on how her past and the current data is justified, thus using logos itself. She explains that she does hold a dual Ph.D. in Sociology and Personality Psychology, and the research she has conducted led to being able to conclude the connection between technology and offline life. The different prospectives used by Turkle tell the different stories of men and women from teenage years to older office workers. Using the demographics from different ages allows the analysis to be concluded from around the world. 
    Overall, Turkle uses her evidence based on her studies for over 15 years as well as her higher education training to conclude that the technology growing increasingly present in the twenty-first century. That this technology is changing the way that humans interact offline based on the online personas everyone creates. After talking at TED1996, Turkle fathered her research the next 15 years by conducting interviews with hundreds of men and women of different ages to analyze different situations. Personally, the way that Turkle has presented her information has efficiently convinced the strong evidence to have a positive correlation on the effect of technology and the human communication offline.

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