The Concept of Cognitive Development BY T. -Willtams Has Cognitive development played a large role in our earliest form of intellectual structure? To determine the answer to the posing question, we must first decipher the meaning of cognitive development and dig into where the theory originated. Cognitive development is the construction of the thought processes, which includes remembering, problem solving, and decision-making from childhood through adolescence (Development Across the life span Chapl).
In fact, cognitive development refers to how a person perceives, thinks and gains an understanding of his or her orld through the counter actions of genetics, and the learning factors of life itself. An example of cognitive development can be found within infants. It was believed that babies have lacked the ability to think or form complex ideas and remained cognitive until they learned a language (Patricia H. Miller). However, it is now known through recent studies that infants are very well aware of their surroundings and interested in the explorations of it, from the moment that they are born.
An infant gathers the information and develops a perception from the sounds around them; his enables them to notice the sight of objects, which aides in the development of thinking skills along their stages of infancy to middle childhood. This states that a baby can see something and can understand. Cognitive development can be broken down into five aspects: the processing of information; intelligence; language development, memory and reasoning. The most well-known and influential person into cognitive development was Jean Piaget. Piaget’s theory is based on the stages and the approaches to the development.
In his theory he thought that all children ould pass through four stages within a certain type of order those theories included: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational. His observations over the decades during his time had consisted of children in their natural environment. He believed a child’s knowledge to be like a compassed of schemas. Piaget built the importance around the schemas in cognitive development, in which he described how they were developed. A scheme can be described as a mental representation of the world, which we use to respond and understand situations today.
In his research he was mainly concern about the maturation of how a child grows. In his theory Piaget suggest that children grow up in stages and passes through these different phases. He came up with sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete operational, and Formal operational. The first stage is Sensorimotor this stage begins at birth to the age of two. During this stage a child’s behavior is based on perception. The second stage is Pre-operational stage a child enters at two and continues until through six or maybe even seven. In this stage a child mind is eveloping at a more fast pace to where they are able to think and explain experiences.
Example: they are able to language and images to describe. The third stage is Concrete Operational it begins at seven and ends at twelve. In this stage children begin to show logical thinking similar to adults; they are now able to realize their own thinking compared to the thoughts of someone else. The Forth stage is Formal Operational this stage begins at 11 and continues throughout adulthood. This is where they now begin a full logical thinking approach that is clearer. They are able to think hypothetically, and have the ability to test.
In conclusion Piaget’s theories throughout research in the stage of cognitive development has given us away to learn that children are able to think from the moment of birth not Just at the start of adulthood. These stages develop into their advancement through the help of family and peers through their interactions and situations they are placed into. Martin, C. L. , Ruble, D. N. , & Szkrybalo, J. (2002). Cognitive Theories Of Early Gender Development.. Psychological Bulletin, 128(6), 903-933. Piaget,J. , & Inhelder, B. (1969). The psychology of the child. New York: Basic Books.