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There are a variety of things that live in Antarctica. The creatures that live in Antarctica are Leopard seals,Skua gull birds,Orca whales,Blue whales,krill,snow petrels,tern birds, gray gulls, southern elephant seals,blue eyed shags,weddell seals and penguins. There are unicellular animals called diatoms which live in the seas there as well. The most popular creatures to live in Antarctica are penguins however. There are many different types of penguins that call Antarctica home. Millions of chinstrap penguins,gentoo penguins,adelie penguins and other types of penguins live there. There are no permanent human settlements in Antarctica but there are a number of countries with research bases there. There are no trees or shrubs, and only two species of flowering plants are found: Antarctic hair grass and Antarctic pearlwort. These occur. on the South Orkney Islands, the South Shetland Islands and along the western Antarctic Peninsula.What makes Antarctica uniqueThere are many things that make Antarctica unique. It is the fifth largest continent in the world, yet it was last to be discovered and explored. Antarctica is larger than Europe and is almost twice as big as Australia. Antarctica is the coldest, driest, and windiest of all the continents. Most of Antarctica is covered by a sheet of ice called in ice sheet. The Antarctic ice sheet is the largest continental glacier in the world. Antarctica has the greatest average height of any continent. It also has the world’s longest valley glacier, Lambert glacier, and Ross ice shelf, which is the longest ice shelf in the world.Travel to AntarcticaYou probably don’t know that as long you are dressed for the weather, you’ll be fine.  Many people travel to Antarctica every year for research and testing purposes. itIt i’s very interesting how quickly you will adjust to the temperature, .y You can go kayaking, hiking and exploring one of the most untouched places on earth,o. On aAntarctica you are apart of the story of finding it, you are not even somewhere people used to live so don’t have anything to worry about there except the cold, iIt is like walking on another planet because it is just ice and rock there are no trees, plants or  anything else,no people have ever lived there, so it really is like walking on the Moon, or Mars, and that is what makes it exciting it is also like an alien landscape right at home, t. The wildlife there, particularly the penguins have no fear of humans at all, they never had any predators on land, so they are totally confident and extremely curious about us, it also makes a great study area for people studying climate change.  Effects of Global Warming on AntarcticaThe effects on Antarctica are because of global warming on Antarctica the have caused  temperatures haveto been warmer than usual.  aAlso the changing temperatures have ended up in changes to snowfall and ice cover so the melting ice may cause sea levels to rise by 3 feet ( 1 m ) in global areas this century, which will flood low-lying areas,. tThe Antarctic Peninsula is particularly sensitive to small rises in the annual average temperature, this has increased by nearly 3°C in the region in the last 50 years, this is about 10 times faster than the average in the rest of the world,. the temperature of Western Antarctica has also risen by a comparable amount, this is the region attached to the Peninsula and stretches to the Transantarctic Mountains, the temperature of Eastern Antarctica has risen by a much smaller amount has remained stable, this is the region on the other side of the Transantarctic Mountains, the temperature of Eastern Antarctica has risen by a much smaller amount or has remained stable, this is the region on the other side of the Transantarctic Mountains, there is no unusual great loss of ice of any kind from the larger 96% of Antarctica that is not the Peninsula, rising temperatures cause ice shelves to break up as they are floating already this will not affect sea levels, it may cause the glaciers behind them to speed up their flow-rate considerably, these glaciers will add to sea-level rise if they melt, tThe temperature of Antarctica as a whole is predicted to rise by a small amount over the next 50 years, any increase in the rate of the ice melting is expected to be at least partly offset by the increased snowfall as a result of global warming,. the extent of annual sea-ice has been changing in both the Arctic and Antarctic, but in both cases it is understood in terms of global warming, the West Antarctic Ice Sheet to the west of the Antarctic Peninsula has thinned a lot as a result of warmer temperatures in the surrounding Antarctic Ocean, the upper ocean in this region has increased in temperature by more than 1°C since 1955, the greatest degree of thinning has happened in an area called the Amundsen Sea Embayment, many glaciers have retreated there and 10 ice shelves have been seen to retreat from there in a few years, 87% of glaciers along the west coast of the Antarctic Peninsula have retreated from there in the last 50 years with most of these showing accelerated retreating in the last 12 years then for it not to be there at all,  it has undergone a change between two states, from 1992 to 2011, the Thwaites Glacier retreated around 14 km, faster than anywhere else in Antarctica, the end result of this is the possibility that we have already been committed to a rise in global sea levels by 3m or more over the coming centuries.ConclusionSo that is what Antarctica is, where it is,what you can do there, what is happening to the ice and snow there because of climate change, and also some facts about antarctica, so thank you for listening and enjoy the rest of your day.

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