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Topic: Climate ChangeArticle Name: Warm Winters, Scorching Summers: New maps project impact of Climate ChangeAuthor: Sharon KirkleyDate Published: October 26, 2017Publisher: National Post Major Argument: This article by Sharon Kirley explains how greenhouse gases are very likely to cause a change in Canadian weather greatly by 2080. Her article identifies the reason why the temperature will increase over the period of approximately 60 years. Evidence:She starts the article by stating how the number of 30 degrees Celsius plus days per year are predicted to “explode”The months of December and January are to warm faster than JuneSouthern Canada is expected to get wetter in the spring, fall and winter”The modeling was based on two 30-year future period- 2021 to 2025, and 2051 to 2081- using twelve different climate models. The researchers used an average of the models”Climatologists at the University of Winnipeg assume two hypothetical scenarios, a “low carbon one that assumes emissions will slow and a high carbon scenario…-that humanity will continue to emit more and more greenhouse gases into the atmosphere…””Longer nights and shorter days mean energy is being lost to space, greenhouse gases stop this escaping heat. Greenhouse gases prevent the earth from cooling off” Significance: This article is relevant to geography because it explores one topic relevant to geography, human geography. Humans are emitting more greenhouse gases than every before, and will continue to. If we do not lower our amount of greenhouse gases, the temperature will increase and the world will not be able to sustain itself. These gases prevent the earth from cooling off. Canada has to address this issue or else our winters will become warmer and our summers will become scorching hot. Topic: Low-Carbon fuelsArticle Name: Ottawa looking into low-carbon fuels as it develops new clean fuel standardAuthor: Maura ForrestDate Published: October 20, 2017Publisher: National Post Major Argument: This article by Maura Forrest explains how Ottawa’s federal government is looking forward to the potential use of low-carbon fuels across Canada. It will help create a clean fuel standard that will reduce emissions by 30 million tons by 2030. Evidence:Maura Forrest starts off by saying that natural resources Canada has issued two new tenders “One looking for research on the ability of mining, oil and gas, forestry and other industries to switch to alternative fuels…also for a study of liquid drop in biofuels that could replace diesel, gasoline and jet fuel.Intended to cut carbon emissions by 30 million tonnes annually by 2030, which is the same as taking seven million cars off the roadCanada may face issues with the use of these new technologies because of the cold climate and vast geographyThe existing requirement of five percent renewable content in gasoline is being met by ethanol. Which is not a drop in fuel and can only be blended to a certain point There are several projects underway in Canada but none have reached commercial stage Significance: This article is significant because it explores two topics relevant to geography. Human geography and physical geography. Low-carbon fuels will help reduce emissions and advance our technologies. Liquid drop in biofuels will replace diesel gasoline and jet fuel. These technologies may face issues in Canada because of the vast geography and climates. Liquid drop in biofuels will reduce climate change and help sustain and preserve our planet.Topic: Carbon SourceArticle Name: Beetles transform canadian forest from carbon sink into carbon source Author: Ed YongDate Published: April 4, 2008Publisher: National Geographic Major Argument: This article by Ed Yong explains how the Mountain Pine Beetle is turning Canadian forests into carbon sources and how these beetles, are being triggered by climate change. Evidence:The beetle releases toxins into old trees which causes them to die faster, but younger trees end up growing faster. A single beetle can live up to a year”Dead trees are in no position to soak up carbon dioxide from the air , and their decay will release even more carbon back into their environment”The cold kills the majority of these beetles, global warming is causing them to reproduce and kill even more trees each yearThey have infected forests the size of Greek in total These beetles result in the release of 270 million tonnes of carbon over the 21 year period Significance: This article is significant because it explores two topics relevant to geography. Human geography and physical geography. It tells us how our actions, by creating more emissions, causes the earth to heat up and “increase its blanket”. This means global warming. When global warming happens these Mountain pine beetles get triggered and are able to reproduce faster and kill more trees. This increases carbon emissions and causes the earth to warm up even more. The only way to prevent this is to be eco-friendly and reduce our footprint, in order for these beetles to die.Topic: Income in CanadaArticle Name: A tale of two Canadas: Where you grew up affects your income in adulthoodAuthor: Doug Sanders and Tom CardosoDate Published: June 23, 2017Publisher: The Globe and Mail Major Argument: This article by Doug Sanders and Tom Cardoso explains how you financial future largely depends on where you grew up in Canada. “Canadian who live in places where average incomes in the bottom fifth are far more likely than others to end up making no more money than their parents” Evidence:The place you come from is very likely to affect your future success, somewhat as much or more than your family, culture, or anything else in your life”Canadian who are in their 30’s today are still reaching a higher point on the income ladder than their parents did at the same age”Large urban metropolitan areas such as Vancouver, Calgary and Toronto are areas which an adults income exceeds their parentsPlaces like, most of Manitoba, outside of Winnipeg, much of Coastal British Columbia are places where people rarely move up the income ladderAcross Canada there are two groups of people who are much more likely than others to stay in the same category as their parents. The poor and the very wealthy Many of Canada’s low-income areas have large Indigenous populationsMany people on reserves don’t have the resources to rise above the poverty rates of their parents Significance: This article is significant because it explores Human Geography. It tells us how depending on where we’ve been raised/grown up in Canada changes where we will be ranked on the income ladder. This means that if one was born in Toronto, they’d be able to rank higher than their parents on the income ladder than if they were born in Manitoba Topic: Bluefin TunaArticle Name: Bluefin Tuna in Atlantic Canada are no longer afraid of humans-And that’s a bad signAuthor: Alexandra PopeDate Published: December 15, 2017Publisher: Canadian Geographic Major Argument: This article by Alexandra Pope explains how the Bluefin Tuna in the Atlantic Ocean are depending on humans for food. Evidence:Tuna will approach Fishing boats and eat bait from a human handThe Bluefin Tuna are starved because of the “precariously broken” food chainOcean wide their numbers have been reduced by as much as 90%Tuna has a top swimming speed of 60 km/hAlso have a highly efficient internal thermoregulation system that allows them to hunt in the icy waters of the North Atlantic Significance: This article is significant because it explores the topic of Human Geography. It tells us how because of global warming and our mass consumption, certain species have gone extinct/changed their nature in order to survive. We have ruined the food chain, in other words broke it and there is no going back.Topic: Wild BoarsArticle Name: Saskatchewan’s wild boar problemAuthor: Harry WilsonDate Published: November 15, 2017Publisher: Canadian Geographic Major Argument: This article by Harry Wilson explains how wild boars are tearing up parts of Saskatchewan at an alarming rate. They are having tremendous impacts on agricultural and native vegetation and that they are harassing livestock and spreading disease.

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