Tyler Hoffman Ms. Mastrangelo English 12 12 December 2017 Depression Research project 25 million Americans suffer from depression each year. Over 50 percent of all people who die by suicide suffer from major or minor depression and more than 10 percent don’t get help. Depression affects nearly 5-8 percent of Americans ages 18 and over in a given year. Depression is so bad that every 11.9 minuets someone dies by suicide. Depression has been an issue for humans throughout history, and it presents itself with some variety symptoms, and there has been huge progress with treatment.(anxiety) What is depression? Depression is a mental disorder that can put you in mood swings of sadness and loss of interest. Depression can also change how you think and behave and can lead to a variety of problems. These problems can be emotional or physical, such as have trouble completing normal day to day activates such as working out, hanging out with friends, waking up in the morning or it can be as serious as feeling that life is not worth living anymore. Depression isn’t a weakness or something that you can just snap out of it. Depression will definitely require help, if severe it could be long term treatment. But don’t fell as if hope is lost, most people after psychotherapy or medication feel a lot better.(depression) Historical depression has always been a problem for humans. Historical documents have been written by philosophers and healers throughout the ages have shown longstanding existence of depression as a mental health problem. And also stated the struggles people have and a few treatments for the illness.(nemade) “Melancholia” was what depression was first called. The first account of melancholia was in ancient Mesopotamian texts in the second millennium B.C. during this time period mental illnesses, such as depression, were thought as demonic possession, priest would attend them to try and do exorcisms. The first actual understanding of depression was seen as a spiritual illness rather than a physical one.(nemade) Ancient romans and Greeks were separated in there thinking of depression and how it is formed. The texts at the time was filled with references to the illness and how it was caused by demons or spirits or demons. In the 5th century B.C. the historians in Greek, especially the historian Herodotus, wrote about a king who’s evil spirits drove him mad. The early Babylonian, Egyptian, and Chinese also viewed mental illness as demonic possession and would try exorcisms techniques such as beatings, restraint, and starvation. These techniques where designed to drive out the evil spirits or demons out of the person’s body. In the early Roman and Greek times doctors thought depression was both a physical and mental illness. They would use gymnastics, massages, special diets, music, and baths. They would also use drugs, such as poppy, to relive some symptoms. Greeks had the best understand of depression and mental illness till the modern era (nemade) Although most times depression should only occur once in your life, people typically have multiple episodes during the time frame they have depression. During this time frame symptoms occur most of the day and nearly, if not, every day. Most people just suffer from common symptoms, such as felling of sadness, emptiness, angry outbursts, irritability or frustration, trouble thinking, and lack of energy. These are all common problems that with the right care and treatment can be fixed with therapy or medication. Now some of the more severe and serious symptoms are loss of interest in most or all activates, such as sex, hobbies or sports, unexplained physical problems such as back pain or headaches, hopelessness, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, fixating on past failures, self-blame, reduced appetite and weight loss, anxiety, frequent or recurrent thoughts of death, suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts or suicide. if you are experiencing any of these symptoms please contact a doctor or a hospital to see what steps you should take to recover. (depression) Depression in children and teens is very common. The stress of puppetry and school can way down on them, causing depression. In children some symptoms may include sadness, clinginess, worry, ache and pain, not wanting to go to school. These are common symptoms in children and are normal. Teens are the most likely to get depression. Teen symptoms for depression include anger, felling misunderstood, extremely sensitive, feeling worthless and negative, poor performance or poor attendance at school, self-harm, loss of interest, using recreational drugs or alcohol, and avoidance of social interaction. Teens are more likely to hide the fact that they may have depression then come out and talk to someone about it. Teens will deal with the same symptoms as everyone else but, for a teen, these can be experienced as much more traumatic and severe. Teens do not have the same life experience to understand that things will get better. If things start to get worse they may believe that there is no end and the point to life is meaningless which can lead to thought of suicide. Thoughts about death or suicide are huge tip offs that the person talking about them may need help and shouldn’t be ignored. When talking to someone is only internal, it can almost be impossible to spot someone who is going through hard times. It’s common for teens to go online and talk with people about their problems. This can be great for teens to find people who are going through the same struggle as they are. Teens will most times hide there feelings and ignore parents or loved ones. They feel as if they wont understand, or they are not normal and feel ashamed of themselves and rather bottle it up then try and talk to anyone about it. Parent may misunderstand these behaviors or just think it’s the normal teenage mood and will change in a few months or so. However, depression can hang around for a lot longer and has different symptoms then just a normal teenager.