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Yellow, in the novel, is mostly
associated with Jay Gatsby: “That yellow car I was driving this afternoon
wasn’t mine do you hear?” (Fitzgerald, 2013, p.150) Yellow is often put in
comparison to gold in the novel, representing that even though Gatsby is wealthy,
his fortune does not mirror his social status, as he is unable to enter the
high class society of New York City. His newly acquired fortune is merely a
veneer behind which he hides in order to fit in and get closer to Daisy. “The
lights grow brighter as the earth lurches away from the sun, and now the
orchestra is playing yellow cocktail music, and the opera of voices pitches a
key higher”, writes the author about one of the Gatsby’s parties, highlighting
the fact that the parties Gatsby’s throwing are merely a gimmick to allure
Daisy and fit in her world. (Fitzgerald, 2013, p.44) He is not a shallow person
consumed with money, he does not even take part in the parties he throws. On
the other hand, Daisy’s world is no mask, her life really is as opulent as she
gives out since she comes from a prominent family of high social status. Fitzgerald
even directly refers to Daisy as golden
in chapter seven: “It was full of money that was the inexhaustible charm that
rose and fell in it, the jingle of it, the cymbals’ song of it. . . . high in a
white palace the king’s daughter, the golden girl.” (Fitzgerald, 2013, p.128)

Another color closely
associated with the character of Gatsby is blue. Generally seen as a symbol of
bad mood and depression, e.g., evidenced by the English expression to feel blue, blue in The Great Gatsby represents mostly melancholy,
loneliness, serenity, and fantasy. Blue represents everything Gatsby tries to
hide behind his newly found lavish lifestyle, his inner lonely and unhappy self.
Fitzgerald refers to the water separating Gatsby from Daisy symbolically as “blue
lawn,” highlighting the melancholic nature of the disillusioned man’s fantasy
of love. Another association to color blue is fantasy and illusion. Gatsby is
blind to how superficial Daisy is, still holding on to the idea that she has
been in love in him all those years in between their separation, not realizing
how flimsy his dream is. “He had come a long way to this blue lawn, and his
dream must have seemed so close that he could hardly fail to grasp it,” explains
Nick referring to Gatsby’s failure to accomplish his dream. (Fitzgerald, 2013, p.193)

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